Blood pressure and Cholesterol – Need to Know
Until just a couple of decades ago, not many of the masses knew the fancy terms like ‘cholesterol’ and ‘blood pressure’. Whenever someone fell sick, they used to go to the doctor, get their injection or tablet, come home and sleep for a day or two, and be alright. However, with the advances in technology that have given rise to fast foods and other junk foods in huge volumes, rare terms like the two above have come into the forefront of human well being, and it is essential to understand what each of these means, and the best ways to keep your cholesterol healthy and tips for healthy blood pressure.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a type of fat that is present in the human body, and serves many useful purposes. However, two prerequisites for it to work the way it is supposed to, is that it needs to be present in the right amounts, and in the right places, like your liver.
Types of Cholesterol:
Dr. Gokhale, who is a Heart Healthy Specialist, tells us that there are two types of cholesterol in the body
LDL (low density lipoprotein): LDL is the bad cholesterol, in the sense it picks up fat away from your liver and deposits it elsewhere in the body.
HDL (high density lipoprotein): HDL is the good cholesterol, in the sense it picks up cholesterol from around the human body and deposits it back in the liver.
How is healthy cholesterol calculated?
A healthy cholesterol ratio is calculated as the ratio of total cholesterol (HDL +LDL) to HDL, and should be under 4.
What is Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure the pressure exerted by the blood that flows through your body on the insides of the blood vessels, which are the carriers of blood. The heart pumps blood in and out of it, transporting it to all corners of the human body, and it does this round the clock, without a break. If the heart has to work hard to pump blood, your blood pressure tends to be higher. Blood pressure is a combination of two numbers, the first number is the pressure when the heart contracts, and the second one is when the heart has a break between each beat. Dr. Gokhale, a Heart Specialist in Hyderabad, informs us that the ideal blood pressure is 120/80 mm. Hg.